State-of-the-art Surveillance

Automation can improve biosecurity surveillance systems


The inventory of research outputs and resources can be found here:


This research is Active
Environment Southland Senior Biosecurity Officer Randall Milne tests a prototype of the mobile reporting app. Image: Environment Southland

Overview Te Tirohanga Whānui

Surveillance is an essential part of protecting New Zealand’s economic assets and natural taonga from damaging exotic organisms.

Our government currently spends over $125 million a year on monitoring for biological threats. It’s an expensive process because it requires thousands of hours of highly skilled human labour.

As part of the BioHeritage National Science Challenge the State-of-the-art Surveillance team is developing prototype technologies that will automate and improve surveillance results, while saving costs.

Entomologist Dr Carl Wardhaugh with an insect light trap used at the Port of Tauranga. Image: Scion.

Research Area Summary Te Whakarāpopototanga Kaupapa

Spectral imaging for urban tree health

Our research team is using a camera mounted on a moving vehicle to monitor the health of our urban rākau (trees).

The camera takes pictures of street trees every fortnight. Images are pre-processed to maintain people’s privacy (blurring cars, people, houses etc.) and then analysed by computer to identify what kind of trees each street has, and whether they look damaged by pest or disease.

When we find sick trees we can send a biosecurity inspector to focus just on the damaged trees – saving time and money. It works the other way, too: if our DNA project above discovers a new insect has entered the country, and we know that it’s a threat to a specific kind of tree, we’ll have a map of where those trees are in our cities and can go inspect them.

Insect Soup: sampling eDNA with light traps

Our researchers are installing UV light traps at the Port of Tauranga to help detect the arrival of foreign insects.

All of the insects caught will be analyzed in the lab by a process called High-Throughput Sequencing (HTS). This will tell us the DNA of every insect species caught in the trap.

If a new insect species or a known threat comes into Tauranga, we know where and when it was collected, and we can take steps to eradicate it.

Developing DNA diagnostic technologies like this allows us to cost-effectively scale-up our efforts to find new pests early. This early detection is essential for protecting our natural and productive environments.

Dr Manpreet Dhami (Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research) spoke about our eDNA research at this webinar:

eDNA research webinar

Co-leads Ngā kaiārahi ngātahi

Steve Pawson

Steve Pawson

Steve Pawson

University of Canterbury

Team Members Ngā kaimahi

  • Simon Bulman; Plant and Food Research
  • Andrew Cridge; Scion
  • Shaun Wilkinson; Wilderlab
  • Blair Robertson; University of Canterbury
  • Richard Green; University of Canterbury
  • Varvara Vetrova; University of Canterbury
  • Ye Chow Kuang; University of Waikato
  • Melanie Ooi; University of Waikato
  • Mike Duke; University of Waikato

Resource outputs from this programme


Fast-tracking bespoke DNA reference database generation from museum collections for biomonitoring and conservation

Despite recent advances in high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies, a lack of locally relevant DNA reference databases limits the potential for DNA-based monitoring of biodiversity for…
View Publication

State-Of-The-Art Surveillance webinar

December 2021 – Surveillance is an essential part of protecting New Zealand’s economic assets and natural taonga from damaging exotic organisms. To strengthen our biosecurity system,…
View Webinar

Have you found this research useful? Please help the cause by sharing

Scroll to Top